Water infrastructure investment is failing at a increasingly high rate due to poor installation, lack of preventative maintainance and lack of basic spare parts.


There is a need for a stronger supply chain of parts and for vertical integration of training in Hydrogeology including on the job technical skills training in borehole preventative maintenance.


Evaluation of Water Point Functionality through time has allowed  Government to identify capacity building needs.  The CJF project proposed ways to enhance Water Point Drilling.

Water point Functionality has declined during the period 2011 to 2014


In the rush to meet the MGD's boreholes are being installed at an accelerated rate. The lack of hydrogeological understanding and capacity throughout Rural Africa means that much of this infrastructure is being installed without a proper design process, resulting in poor borehole functionality. There is an urgent need for proper training and implementation of Hydrogeological understanding at all levels of Water Resource Management


Prof Robert M Kalin

Distribution of Water Points in Chikhwawa 2011 Survey (start of project)

Water point Functionality 2014

Distribution of Water Points in Chikhwawa 2014 Survey (year 3 of project)

Groundwater accounted for majority of water supply and unimproved sources only for 12% of water used in the district.

A large percentage of the nearly 500,000 population of rural Chikhwawa still has inadequate access to water points in 2014. 

Non Functioning Borehole Infrastructure accounts for 26% of the problem.

Groundwater remains majority of water supply and unimproved sources only for 18% of water used in the district as water point functionality declines.

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